As a very new amateur radio operator in the early 1970s, I was privileged to be one of the regular operators at VE3OSC, a display station at the Ontario Science Centre in Toronto, Canada.
The Science Centre opened in 1969 and it was a spectacular hands-on celebration of science. No expense was spared in its construction, and that certainly applied to the amateur radio exhibit.
The main operating desk featured a Collins S/Line station – considered the finest equipment of its era – which was mated to a Telrex ‘Big Bertha’ antenna system, the sort of antenna owned by millionaire ‘hams’.
I usually operated VE3OSC on Sunday afternoons. I always looked forward to it, since I got to talk to so many visitors to the centre about amateur radio, and the equipment was so much better than what I could afford. Even using single sideband was a thrill, as I had only an AM and CW transmitter at home.
VE3OSC was located in the Hall of Space, which was one of the hottest attractions at the Science Centre, in the wake of the Apollo moon landing.
HF operating position
The equipment in the photo above comprises (left to right):
- Collins 30S-1 kilowatt amplifier (this was later replaced by a custom-built amplifier)
- Rotation control for the Big Bertha antenna array (on top of 30S-1)
- Collins 516F-2 power supply (not visible)
- Collins 32S-3 transmitter
- Collins 312B-4 station control
- Tymeter Numechron 24-hour digital clock (on top of the 312B-4)
- Collins 51S-1 receiver
- Hallicrafters HA-1 electronic keyer
and in front of the equipment:
- Collins SM-2 desk microphone (later replaced by a Shure 444)
- Straight telegraph key
- Vibroplex Vibrokeyer paddle
- Telrex ‘Big Bertha’ antenna array. This was a US-built self-supporting rotatable tubular steel mast with monoband yagis for 40m, 20m, 15m and 10m. It was the ultimate antenna system of its time, standing over 100′ tall. US Senator Barry Goldwater K7UGA had one too.
- Hy-Gain TH6DXX tri-band yagi on a guyed tower
- Wire antennas for lower frequencies
- Collins DL-1 dummy load
- Robot SSTV (slow-scan television) system (added later)
- Patch panel for antenna selection on the rear wall of the station.
VHF operating position
- A modified FM business transceiver operating on 2 channels in the 2-metre band.
- I believe the 2 channels were 146.34/146.94 duplex and 146.94 simplex. Anyone else remember?
The mid 1970s
At some time in the mid 1970s, the station was rearranged. In the photo at right, the 51S-1 receiver is on the left, with the 32S-3 transmitter in the middle, and a home-brew linear amplifier at the right. There is also a Heathkit SB-610 monitor scope and a Heathkit watt meter.
Does anyone know the reason for replacing the Collins 30S-1 amplifier? I am guessing that it may have been too tricky to tune.
But I also recall that we were urged not to run high power, as it would interfere with the security guards’ walkie-talkies. We really didn’t need high power anyway, thanks to the very good antennas.
Sadly, amateur radio station VE3OSC was dismantled and the pieces dispersed, possibly in the late 1970s. I’ve heard that a helicopter was used to take down some of the big antennas, and the Big Bertha mast is certainly long-gone. Years later, the station was re-established using Japanese equipment, but the location wasn’t as nice and the station’s effectiveness was limited by an extremely high level of interference caused by poorly installed ventilation fan controllers in the Science Centre.
If you can contribute information, corrections or photos, please contact me.
And finally, a thank you to all those hams who worked so hard to make the station a reality. It was a fantastic demonstration of the magic of radio.
Who knows where that nice equipment ended up, but I’m pleased to have some Collins gear in my current ham shack: Amateur Radio Station ZL1NZ